Calls: Send in your ideas. Deadline October 1st, 2022.

Binary Analysis Fund

Derive knowledge from binary blobs such as firmwares

This page contains a concise overview of projects funded by NLnet foundation that belong to Binary Analysis Fund (see the thematic index). There is more information available on each of the projects listed on this page - all you need to do is click on the title or the link at the bottom of the section on each project to read more. If a description on this page is a bit technical and terse, don't despair — the dedicated page will have a more user-friendly description that should be intelligible for 'normal' people as well. If you cannot find a specific project you are looking for, please check the alphabetic index or just search for it (or search for a specific keyword).

binary-analysis-ng improvements — Integrate Kaitai in binary-analysis-ng

Firmware is one of the most opaque components of our technology stack. Firmware analysis is a critical factor in making our appliances more secure, but there is a very limited set of tools available. BANG is a tool to analyse firmware and other binary files. The code and complexity of the tool has grown significantly over time, making it challenging to maintain.

Most of the parsers are hand-made. Meanwhile the reverse engineering community has produced significant efforts for analyzing binaries, such as the kaitai struct framework ( The project will integrate these efforts, and will in addition work on optimising performance based on realistic workload performance measurements.

>> Read more about binary-analysis-ng improvements

Serialization in Kaitai Struct for Java and Python — Declaratively modify and create complex binary file formats

Kaitai Struct (KS) is a tool for working with binary formats. It introduces a declarative domain-specific language for describing the structure of arbitrary binary formats. Over 170 formats are already described in the official format gallery. Based on any specification, KS can automatically generate a ready-to-use parsing module in one of 11 programming languages (C++/STL, C#, Go, Java, JavaScript, Lua, Nim, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby). The current state of KS only allows you to extract data from binary files (parsing). However, in many cases, the opposite direction is also needed, i.e. to modify the data in the binary files or to create new ones (serialization). It is a logical extension to KS that allows new uses of written format specifications. This is by far the most requested feature in KS for a long time. Its absence prevents many users from using KS to its full potential. The goal is to add stable serialization support to the KS project. This will involve extending the compiler, adding support for serialization in runtime libraries, and building an automated testing infrastructure for serialization. This project will implement serialization for Java and Python.

>> Read more about Serialization in Kaitai Struct for Java and Python